Louisiana's extraordinary session begins Monday. Check out what may be mentioned.

Louisiana's newly installed Legislature will hold an eight-day special session Monday to tackle electoral issues. After a federal court decided that Louisiana's congressional borders violate the Voting Rights Act, the session will redraw them. State lawmakers may also consider new Supreme Court districts and abandoning the “jungle primary” system. Republican Gov. Jeff Landry has designated 14 legislative topics.

Monday's session starts at 4 p.m. Landry, who called the extraordinary session hours after taking office, will address the Legislature immediately after they gavel in. Lawmakers may create and change the state's congressional map, which a federal judge said dilutes Black voters.

The GOP-drawn map utilized in the November congressional election in Louisiana had white majorities in five of six districts, despite Blacks making up one-third of the population. Democrats might win a second congressional seat in the conservative state from another majority-Black district.

Democrats say the redistricting disadvantages Black voters and should have two majority-minority districts. Republicans contend the layout is fair and that Black people are too scattered to form a second majority-Black district.

Baton Rouge-based U.S. District Judge Shelly Dick threw down Louisiana's map in June for violating the Voting Rights Act, agreeing with civil rights organizations. New congressional borders with a second majority-minority district must be approved by Jan. 30. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth District ordered in November that a district court will convene a trial and “decide on a plan for the 2024 elections” if they miss the deadline.

 a majority of Louisiana Supreme Court justices wrote to Landry in December requesting lawmakers to redraw the court's boundaries after 25 years and advocating for a second majority-Black district.

The Times-Picayune/The New Orleans Advocate stated that Landry supports a second majority-Black Supreme Court district. Louisiana's distinctive open “jungle primary” system might be replaced with a closed primary system after decades of dispute.

Opponents say the shift would cause logistical, expense, and political independence alienation. Proponents of a closed primary claim Louisiana's newest congressional delegation members are disadvantaged because runoffs are held in December, a month after practically every other state has decided its seats.

In a “jungle primary” or “majority vote primary,” all candidates without parties appear on the ballot. If no primary candidate receives 50% of the vote, the top two advance to a head-to-head runoff, which may match two Republicans or Democrats against one other.

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